Fuse is essential to the pyrotechnician’s craft and even novice enthusiasts can use different fusing to help add to the quality and intricacy of their display planning. While some make fusing at home, it is quick, safe and relatively inexpensive to order the fuse of your choice online or in the firework shop. Fuse comes in a variety of lengths, gauges and styles that are meant to burn at different speeds.
Black Match is a type of fuse that is a popular choice with professional pyrotechnicians. Black Match is made by soaking cotton string in a mixture of dextrin and black powder. With a “moderate” burn time with about a 1-second delay per inch, it is a good selection when you want a small delay between fireworks. It is reasonably priced, but can accidentally be ignited if not careful.
Similar but faster, Quick Match is a fuse that is created in the same was as Black Match but is then wrapped in Kraft paper to create a tube that pushes gases forward faster for a more rapid burn time. Good for simultaneous lighting of multiple items, Quick Match burns at approximately 80 to 100 feet per second.
Visco, also referred to as cannon fuse, is an easy-to-find fusing that offers many other benefits including availability in a variety of colors, length of burn time and waterproof features. Visco is made with a cotton thread center that is covered in black powder, wrapped with twine and then coated with an impervious, waterproof coating of lacquer. In order to ignite easily, you need to make sure a bit of the black powered core is exposed. If you are looking for the fastest-burning fuse in this category, the Yellow Visco will burn at a rate of 1/2 –inch per second, but is not waterproof due to the paper casing.
Even if you are not an ultra-experience pyrotechnician, you can do simple projects with a length of quality fuse. For example, you can incorporate a multi-sequenced display of Roman candles into your show. Instead of firing off Roman candles one at a time, they can be lit at the same time on one fuse. All you need is a bundle of Roman candles, a special stand to hold the fireworks all in a row (can be homemade) and a fuse to connect everything together. After the fuse is lit, it will send off the Roman candles in order one at a time at a speed which is determined by the type of fusing used.